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What is Periodontology?

Periodontology, also known as periodontics, is a specialized field of dentistry focused on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums (gingiva), periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone. Periodontists are dental specialists who receive advanced training in the management of these structures and specialize in treating conditions such as gingivitis, periodontitis, and other forms of gum disease.

Here’s an overview of the key aspects of periodontology:

  1. Gum Disease Prevention and Maintenance: One of the primary goals of periodontology is to prevent gum disease and maintain optimal gum health. This involves educating patients about proper oral hygiene practices, including brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups, to prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar that can lead to gum inflammation and infection.

  2. Diagnosis and Treatment of Gum Disease: Periodontists are trained to diagnose and treat various stages of gum disease, from mild gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) to more advanced periodontitis (inflammation and infection of the supporting structures of the teeth). Treatment options may include professional dental cleanings, scaling and root planing (deep cleaning of the root surfaces), gum surgery, and adjunctive therapies such as antibiotics or antimicrobial mouth rinses.

  3. Periodontal Surgery: In cases where non-surgical treatments are not effective or where gum disease has caused significant damage to the supporting tissues of the teeth, periodontal surgery may be necessary to restore gum health and function. Surgical procedures performed by periodontists may include gum grafting (to augment or regenerate gum tissue), bone grafting (to replace lost bone tissue), and guided tissue regeneration (to promote the regeneration of damaged periodontal tissues).

  4. Dental Implant Placement and Maintenance: Periodontists are also trained in the placement and maintenance of dental implants, which are artificial tooth roots used to support replacement teeth or dental prostheses. This may involve assessing the health and quality of the bone tissue, performing bone augmentation procedures if necessary, and placing implants in the optimal position to support long-term stability and function.

  5. Cosmetic Periodontal Procedures: In addition to treating gum disease and restoring oral health, periodontists may also perform cosmetic periodontal procedures to enhance the appearance of the gums and smile. This may include procedures such as gum contouring (reshaping the gumline for a more even and symmetrical appearance) and crown lengthening (exposing more of the natural tooth structure to improve the proportions of the smile).

Overall, periodontology plays a crucial role in maintaining the health and function of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. By addressing gum disease and other periodontal conditions in a timely and effective manner, periodontists help patients achieve optimal oral health and preserve their natural teeth for a lifetime. It’s essential to schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings with a qualified periodontist or general dentist to prevent and detect gum disease early and receive appropriate treatment when needed. Reputable dental clinics like the Istanbul Aesthetic Center (IAC) offer comprehensive periodontal services, providing patients with expert care and personalized treatment to achieve and maintain healthy gums and a beautiful smile.